Obama’s Role in Empowering the Muslim Brotherhood
has been out in front of the crisis in Egypt. The facts prove otherwise. He
has been behind the curve and has badly damaged American interests — perhaps
used these tools to present a false image. In this case, his chief spin
maestro, David Axelrod, has been peddling
the story that Barack Obama has been “out ahead of this” (“this” being the
crisis in Egypt).
Gerstein was skeptical and fact-checked Axelrod’s boastful claim. Press
Secretary Robert Gibbs has parroted the same story line. Gerstein found it
To hear soon-to-depart White House senior adviser David Axelrod tell it,
President Barack Obama has long taken a tough line with Egyptian President Hosni
Mubarak over human rights and political reform issues in his country.“The way [Obama has] confronted it, is he went to Cairo and talked about
the need, the universal human rights of people. He’s on several occasions
directly confronted Pres. Mubarak on it. And pushed him on the need for
political reform in his country,” Axelrod told
ABC’s Jake Tapper Friday, on the adviser’s last day of work at the White
House.“To get ahead of this?” Tapper asked.“Exactly. To get ahead of this. This is a project he’s been working on
for two years, and today the president is working hard to encourage restraint
and a cessation of violence against the people of Egypt,” said
Axelrod.“Nice myth,” said one human rights advocate I asked about Axelrod’s
description.There are a couple of problems with Axelrod’s account. First, there’s
little public evidence that Obama “confronted” Mubarak on these issues. White
House officials have said the subjects were raised in meetings between the men,
but when the two met publicly there was little indication that Obama was
pressuring Mubarak on the issue.During the 25-minute press availability during the pair’s Oval Office
meeting in August 2009, Obama didn’t
mention the issue. Mubarak was the one who brought it up, telling the press
how “friendly” their exchange on the subject was and suggesting a rather
leisurely timeline to make changes.The other sleight-of-hand in Axelrod’s comment is his suggestion that
Obama’s visit to Cairo in June 2009 was intended or perceived as speaking hard
truths to Mubarak. To the contrary, many in
the region, in other Muslim countries and the U.S. ( see here
and here) saw
the choice of Egypt for Obama’s first speech to the Muslim world as a huge
laurel for Mubarak, not an albatross. Obama’s speech made no direct reference to
political reform or human rights issues in Egypt, save for a passing reference
to Christian Copts there. There were also reports
that the U.S. eased up on democracy promotion there.However confrontational the Obama administration’s approach to this issue
may have been over the past two years, I certainly don’t remember Obama
administration officials ever publicly suggesting, as White House press
secretary Robert Gibbs did directly on Friday, that U.S. aid to Egypt was in
budget-cutting, slashed aid to groups that might have been key players (and
allies of the United States) when a new government is established.
Angeles Times reports that Barack Obama had not just ignored Egyptian human
rights issues over the past two years, but actually cut funding for activist
groups trying to reform Egypt:
Although President Obama has sided firmly with pro-democracy protesters in
Egypt, his administration spent its first two years easing the U.S. push for
human rights reforms in that country.
Early in Obama’s presidency,
officials cut in half funding to promote democracy in Egypt. They also agreed to
restrict certain grants only to organizations licensed by President Hosni
Mubarak’s authoritarian regime, reversing a Bush administration policy of
funding groups at odds with the government.
Secretary of State Hillary
Rodham Clinton, at a March 2009 meeting with Mubarak at an Egyptian resort on
the Red Sea, seemed to downplay a State
Department report documenting torture, rape and political detentions in
“We issue these reports on every country,” Clinton told a television interviewer. “And so
we hope that it will be taken in the spirit in which it is offered, that we all
have room for improvement.”
Egyptian dissidents were distressed by the
“All this sent a signal that was very
damaging,” said Stephen McInerney, executive director of the Project on Middle
East Democracy, a Washington advocacy group.
ahead of the curve — though its ardor for change cooled as time went on. But
Obama regressed even further on the issue of reform and human rights.
Obama spoke in general terms about political rights in his seminal address to the Muslim world in Cairo in 2009,
but did not explicitly demand reform in Egypt, as former Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice did in 2005. Rice’s remarks
reflected then-President George W. Bush’s “freedom agenda” for the Middle East,
which involved stepped-up pressure for democratic reforms.
administration pressured Mubarak into holding elections in 2005 that though
flawed, were the fairest in the country’s history, analysts say. But harsh
interrogations of terrorism suspects, secret CIA prisons and the Iraq war
tainted the Bush approach. And after Palestinian elections in 2006 that brought
Hamas to power in Gaza, Bush’s ardor for Arab democracy cooled.
pulled back further.
dynamic by slashing funding in half for groups that could have been our allies
for true Democratic change. Why the budget-cutting? Obama did
the same for a Boston-based Iran human rights group that had been monitoring
and publicizing and recording for posterity Iranian human rights abuses —
except in that case, Obama terminated all funding. The man who has rung up
trillion-dollar deficits tries to save a few million dollars by cuts to human
way behind the curve. How has he been playing his own badly self-dealt hand?
By chumming up with one of the most radical groups of all, the radically
anti-American, anti-Israel, anti-Christian, and anti-Semitic Muslim
Brotherhood. His administration, while slashing aid to Egyptian human rights
groups, actually courted the Muslim
Brotherhood and invited members to attend his Cairo Speech. The engagement
(and empowerment) has continued apace.
of “important non-secular actors” in whatever government takes over from the
Mubarak regime. This was widely interpreted to mean the Muslim Brotherhood
(this group is by far the most influential and important “non-secular” actor in
Egypt). Furthermore, the Obama team’s proposal for the immediate transfer of
power calls for the transitional government to include the Muslim Brotherhood,
the New York Times reported on Friday.
notes that Barack Obama never delivered significant pressure on Mubarak to
reform, and this apathy was starkly confirmed by December’s massive fraudulent
parliamentary elections. Horovitz writes:
Washington evidently failed to foresee that embittered Egyptians might then
resort to the massed protests of the past two weeks, and it abandoned Mubarak
with alacrity as it scrambled to avoid being caught on the wrong side of a
largely spontaneous people’s push for freedom and democracy.
one gauges the realpolitik involved in that dramatic recoil from a 30-year ally,
the White House’s subsequent reported moves to legitimate Egypt’s Islamists —
whose outlook conflicts utterly with the democratic agenda — make no sense, and
suggest a frighteningly superficial understanding of the Muslim Brotherhood’s
intentions and potential achievements.
Far from learning the lessons of
the Islamists’ skilled subversion of other pro-democracy movements, working with
potential leaders of an Egyptian transition to minimize the risk of such a
process recurring, and making publicly plain that there will be no ongoing
American alliance with an Egypt in which an unreformed Islamist movement has
even a marginal role in government, the White House seems to be actively
encouraging a transitional outreach to the Muslim
incorporate groups similar to the Muslim Brotherhood. They burrow into
governments and then take over, all but destroying the Democratic process that
brought them to power — often at the behest of Western powers. They become
anti-American and become terror-supporting states. They fall out of the
so-called American orbit — perhaps for many years to come (as has Iran). They
trample the rights of women, abuse their children by teaching the tools of
Islamism and not the tools needed to live in the 21st century, and
use their mosques and media to brainwash their people to hate America. They
give rise to more terrorism that can wash up on our own shores.
Contentions notes that the Obama administration seems to be countenancing
and endorsing a role for the Muslim Brotherhood in the new Egyptian
Things could be taking a dangerous turn in Egypt. The Washington Post reports
that the Muslim Brotherhood has new interest in participating in talks on the
transition of leadership. “The Brotherhood had refused to join talks Saturday,
insisting that Mubarak leave first. But leaders of the movement changed their
minds Sunday, saying they wanted to play a role in shaping a transition of power
and organizing free elections.”The American response has been less than inspiring. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton told
National Public Radio: “Today we learned the Muslim Brotherhood decided to
participate, which suggests they at least are now involved in the dialogue that
we have encouraged.” Yes, participation does suggest involvement, doesn’t it?
“We’re going to wait and see how this develops,” she said, “but we’ve been very
clear about what we expect.”The only party that has actually been clear about what it expects is the
Muslim Brotherhood – and it expects to rule.
push for democratic reforms in the Muslim world. He could have funded,
supported, and promoted a wide range of true human rights groups that could have
brought about a stable Egypt that would uphold its treaties and still be a
reliable ally of America. Instead, he slashed funding for these groups, gave
them zero moral or diplomatic support, and is now — with alacrity (as Horvitz
notes) — abandoning Mubarak and empowering the Muslim Brotherhood.
wanted the Muslim Brotherhood to assume power.
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February 07, 2011 – 10:25:44 AM CST